Complementing and building on the previous modules of the Climate Smart Agriculture Sourcebook published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), this chapter (Module 17) addresses the overarching question on how the transition towards climate-smart agriculture (CSA) practices can be achieved.
• Making agricultural production and management systems climate-smart is a knowledge-intensive process requiring a comprehensive capacity development approach of all stakeholders that builds on sound assessments of country needs across the individual, organizational level and enabling environment capacity levels.
• Due to the uncertain and dynamic nature of climate change impacts, a transition towards climate smart agriculture requires socio-institutional learning processes with a strategic approach to skills development for climate-smart agriculture at country level
• Agricultural innovation systems with public and private research, extension and advisory services play a key role in supporting the transition towards climate-smart agriculture by generating, documenting, blending and sharing indigenous and scientific knowledge, facilitating learning processes and network-based development and innovation.
• In order to improve policy coherence and effectiveness, strengthen local institutions and mainstream CSA into national policies and programmes, it is important to create inclusive, gender sensitive spaces that promote multi-stakeholder dialogue about CSA, such as cross-ministerial roundtables, multi-stakeholder platforms for strategy development and efforts to coordinate regional bodies.
• Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), participatory Communication for Development (ComDev) approaches and knowledge sharing methods are important vehicles to improve access to information and knowledge, facilitate dialogue between stakeholders, and trigger learning across levels with knowledge networks and platforms to provide a venue where the diverse actors can connect.