As part of the 50 year celebration of Swiss Development Cooperation, the North-South Centre of the Swiss Federal Institute for Technology in Zurich dedicated its Annual conference in 2011 to the theme “ICT4d- The Development Impact of Information and Communication Technologies” that included challenges for education, research and policy in ICT4D.
My role was to present lessons learned from the work with the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) in the realm of strategically integrating ICTs into development programms with specific focus on social and political change witnessed by the so-called Arab Awakening / Arab Spring.
The presentation with policy and research recommendations was titled “Voices 2.0- The Arab awakening and practical lessons learned for development practitioners”.
Taking a critical look back over 10 years of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) program support within ICTs for Development, findings include:
- Start thinking about information and communication needs, channels and media throughout the Project Cycle but most importantly in the planning stages for policy and project intervention
- ICT-enhanced “Communication for Development Methodologies” are worth revisiting
- Link ICTs and media to the organizational DNA of donor agencies in their standard operating procedures or instruments (i.e. Project Cycle Management, Sustainable Livelihood approaches)
- Develop the capacity of implementing agencies and partner organizations on “strategically using” ICTs to leverage their programs
- Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and Social media are playing their part in the so-called Arab Spring, the “Facebook Revolution” is turning into a buzzword. How come?
- More importantly, what does the power of “web 2.0” imply for operational activities by development practitioners aiming to increase participation in socio, economic and political change processes?
- The article illuminates this phenomenon, sparks a critical reflection on its side-effects while sharing key findings from an upcoming SDC working paper titled “Deepening Participation and Enhancing Aid Effectiveness through Media and ICTs” on the role of social media in participatory development.
Read and comment the whole contribution on the SDC or World Bank Blog below:
SDC Blog: http://www.sdc-learningandnetworking-blog.admin.ch/2011/07/12/“voices-2-0”-revolutionizing-participation-within-development-cooperation/
World Bank Blog: http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/voices-20-revolutionizing-participation-within-development-cooperation
“Planting the Knowledge Seed- Adapting to Climate Change through ICTs” invites you to think outside the box. It takes you on a journey to address climate justice through exploring the practical linkages between climate change, access to and sharing of information and knowledge, communication for development and Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in general.
More specifically, it considers how everyday information and communication tools such as radios, mobile phones, personal computers, the internet and interactive media can help reduce the risks of climate change faced by the most vulnerable segments of the global village through providing access to and the sharing of timely information and critical knowledge. The target audience of this publication are not experts on ICTs or climate change, but rather development practitioners and policy makers overall: those who will be faced with the need to interpret the demands of climate change, and apply these to their work in the context of the possibilities afforded by ICTs.
More specifically, the publication aims to:
- Provide an overview of linking the strategic use of ICTs to climate change
- Summarise the discussions and conclusions of the BCO Learning Day on ICTs and Climate Change held in December 2008 in Johannesburg, South Africa
- Demonstrate innovative applications through concrete project examples
- Start a dialogue and stimulate a debate about the added value and applicability of ICTs in climate change programmes.
Why is this relevant? Consider the following key points ICTs and climate change:
- Climate change is not a new development phenomenon but amplifies and magnifies existing development challenges, hindering efforts to reduce suffering and alleviate poverty.
- Climate change is a social justice issue. The most vulnerable are the least responsible for its causes, but will be most affected while being least informed about the impacts on their livelihoods and generally excluded from policy discourses.
- Strategically integrated ICTs, such as community radios, mobile phones, knowledge centres and interactive media, are enabling tools that help to reduce climate change vulnerability and risk, while including the voices of those most affected for political advocacy.
- ICTs contribute tangibly to climate change mitigation/adaptation strategies through (a) providing access to relevant information, raising awareness at the grassroots level, and (b) facilitating learning and practical knowledge sharing at the community level, while (c) empowering the poor and marginalised to raise their voice for political accountability and concrete action.
- Current mainstreaming approaches that integrate ICTs as a strategic tool into development programmes (e.g. education, health, governance) can be directly applied to climate change strategies.
- A multi-stakeholder approach is central to ICT climate change mitigation and adaptation interventions.
- There is a need for systematic awareness raising and holistic capacity development among all development stakeholders on how to integrate and utilise ICTs in climate change
The following article appeared in the Neue Zürcher Zeitung (NZZ) on 21. November 2011.
“Im Jahre 2011 wollte der damalige tunesische Präsident Ben Ali unbedingt der Gastgeber des zweiten Teils des UNO-Gipfels für eine Informationsgesellschaft sein. Den ersten Teil 2003 in Genf hatte die Schweiz massgeblich mitgestaltet. Die Treffen beschäftigen sichvor allem mit der Frage, wie neue Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien (IKTs) inklusive Internetdiensten zu einer offeneren und gerechteren Gesellschaft in Entwicklungsländern beitragen könnten.
Sechs Jahre nach “Tunis 2005” ist genau dass eingetroffen, was das tunesische Regime damals unbedingt vermeiden wollte: ein von IKTs unterstützter politischer und gesellschaftlicher Wandel im eigenen Land. Internetdienste wie Facebook und Twitter haben die tunesischen Ereignisse massgeblich beinflusst. Sie erlaubten, die Zensur der staatlichen Medien zu umgehen. Sie informierten breite Bevölkerungsschichten und halfen den Demonstranten, sich untereinander abzusprechen.
Eine entwicklungsrelevante und den gesellschaftlichen Wandel unterstützende Nutzung von IKTs setzt allerdings eine gezielte Unterstützung der Entwicklungsländer voraus. Es ist eine Frage der Entiwcklungspolitik welche die Schweiz aktiv in Ihrer Entwicklungspolitik unterstützt.